NASA Mars Rover: Countdown Begins!

Source: Jet Propulsion Laboratory NASA

The Wait Game Begins:

We stand now seven hours away from the Mars’ Perseverance rover countdown. After traveling for seven months for 470 million km the Mars’ Perseverance Rover finally approaches its most crucial stage. The landing of the six-wheeled robot is probably one most difficult and challenging parts of this mission. This project would help in determining whether there is the possibility of life on Mars, or if life existed on Mars.

What could successful landing mean?

  • The landing of the Perseverance rover is quite critical. But a successful landing of the rover could bring huge prospects to find out about the past life on Mars. This means NASA will have information on whether past life and microbial life ever existed on Mars.
  • Rover will collect the samples of rock and soil from the surface of the planet. This will later be encaged in tubes and left on the surface of the planet for Earth to come at a future stage and collect them for further research.
  • The ‘Perseverance’ Rover by NASA will also attempt to study the geology of the Red Planet. This will help to understand whether astronauts can come at a later stage and explore the planet, provided Mars mission could produce oxygen from CO2 (carbon dioxide) into the atmosphere.

Other than this, the Perseverance has a drone-like helicopter that is deployed to demonstrate the first powered flight on Mars. It will explore Mars’ Jezero Crater for at least one Martian year, which is about 687 earth days.

Mars Rover Specifications

Graphics Credit: Ashwathy Nair

Entry Descent and Landing

“Entry Descent and Landing is often referred to as the seven minutes of terror because it takes about 7 minutes to land from the top of the atmosphere of the Mars to ground safely,” says Swati Mohan, Mars 2020 Guidance, Navigation, and Control Operations Lead in a video by NASA.

Credit: NASA

Here are the Seven Things you need to know about NASA’s Perseverance Rover

  1. ‘Perseverance’ will search for signs of ancient life on Mars.
  2. The rover is landing in a space where it can find information on the past life of the Red Planet.
  3. Perseverance will collect important data on Mars’ geology and Climate.
  4. Only 50% of Martian landings have been successful, the journey hasn’t been smooth considering the pandemic.
  5. Perseverance is the first rover to collect and bring samples for observation.
  6. The instruments carried by the rover will help in the future for Moon to Mars missions.
  7. With a set of 19 cameras, you get the chance to witness everything right from the comfort of your couch!

Where to watch the Live Stream?

You can watch everything live on NASA’s Youtube.

For the success of this mission it is an important part to survive the final phase that is Entry, Descent, and Landing, only then will the mission be successful.

To know more and get live updates on Mars Rover Follow Us.

By Ashwathy Nair

Source: NASA