India’s climate change dilemma

Leading from the front so far, India could be asked to do yet more to fight climate change at its own cost after the dire warnings of the latest IPCC report

Climate change is become an important issue to concern about. Now a days, we are discussing about the impact of global change and enviornmental pollution. IPCC report said, India in in a danger of climate change.


  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recently released a special report warning the world that the impact of global warming is already visible and would get severe if global average temperature rise is not kept limited to 1.5 degree Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
  • The report warned that climate-related risks to health, livelihoods, food security, water supply, human security, and economic growth are projected to increase with global warming of 1.5 degree Celsius and increase even further with 2 degree Celsius. It also cautioned that there is a higher probability of impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems, including species loss and extinction if the temperature rise is not contained to 1.5 degree Celsius.
  • Experts in India laud the efforts taken by the country to tackle climate change including the massive renewable power programmed but they argue that India needs to address the issue of the high use of coal and oil.
  • The IPCC report takes forward the Paris Agreement and sets the stage for upcoming UN climate change negotiations, including the COP24, scheduled in Poland in December 2018.

“Mitigation and adaptation consistent with limiting global warming to 1.5 degree Celsius are underpinned by enabling conditions,” stated the report, elaborating that “Strengthened multi-level governance, institutional capacity, policy instruments, technological innovation and transfer and mobilization of finance, and changes in human behavior and lifestyles are enabling conditions that enhance the feasibility of mitigation and adaptation options for 1.5 degree Celsius.”


The IPCC report stated that the climate-related risks to health, livelihoods, food security, water supply, human security and economic growth are projected to increase with global warming of 1.5 degree Celsius and increase further with two degree Celsius.

It cautioned that “human activities are estimated to have caused approximately one degree Celsius of global warming above pre-industrial levels, with a likely range of 0.8 to 1.2 degree Celsius” and temperature rise is likely to reach “1.5 degree Celsius between 2030 and 2052 if it continues to increase at the current rate.”

It said that warming greater than the global annual average is being experienced in many land regions and seasons, including two to three times higher in the Arctic.

The report means for upcoming climate change negotiations

The report will be a significant input for the Katowice climate change conference in Poland scheduled for December 2018 when governments from across the world get together to review progress of the Paris Agreement.

With the report emphasizing that the present emission cut targets and commitments are not enough, it is certain that the IPCC report will be used as a tool to seek more ambitious emission cut targets and financial commitments before the first period (2020-2030) of the Paris Climate Agreement kicks in.

“Total annual average energy-related mitigation investment for the period 2015 to 2050 in pathways limiting warming to 1.5 degree Celsius is estimated to be around 900 billion USD,” the report noted.

India must take the lead

Centre for Science and Environment that works on climate change related issues argued that that the IPCC report points out that the risk transition from 1.5 degree Celsius to two degree Celsius is very high and that the effects at two degree Celsius will be more devastating than what the IPCC’s fifth assessment report had indicated.

CSE said that coastal nations and agricultural economies like India would be the worst affected and “decline in crop yields, unprecedented climate extremes and increased susceptibility could push poverty by several million by 2050”.

“Though it will be very difficult in the current global economic system to limit warming to 1.5 degree Celsius, it is not impossible. This will require action on all fronts to rapidly reduce emissions by 2030. Without an active participation of the United States, this will be impossible. In totality, how the rest of the world handles the US position will decide whether the world meets the 1.5°C goal or not,” said Bhushan.

“India must take the lead in forming a global coalition for a 1.5 degree Celsius world to save poor and vulnerable populations across the world including its own,” he added.